Diabetes – A Silent Killer
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a silent killer and a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, produces a particular hormone. This hormone helps glucose get into the cells of our bodies to be used for energy. When there is not enough of this hormone or the cells stops responding to the hormone, too much blood sugar stays in your bloodstream. Over time, that can cause serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss and kidney disease.
What is the cause of Diabetes?
There are several different reasons why someone may develop diabetes. The causes of diabetes vary depending on your genetic makeup, family history, ethnic background, and other factors such as the environment and your health. There is no common cause for diabetes that fits every type of diabetes. Therefore, causes of diabetes vary depending on the individual and the type.
Types of Diabetes Diagnosis:
There are three major types of diabetes, although 2 types are known to many people.
- Type 2 diabetes is the most common
- Type 1 diabetes
- Gestational diabetes which occurs during pregnancy and is usually temporary.
Diabetes – A Silent Killer:
How much do you know about Diabetes?
Type 1 Diabetes:
This type of diabetes is an autoimmune disease which is a hormone dependent diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes are not able to produce this hormone or regulate their blood sugar because their body is attacking the pancreas. About 10 per cent of people living with diabetes have type 1, hormone-dependent diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes generally develops in childhood or adolescence but can also develop in adulthood. In most cases people need to inherit risk factors from both parents.
Research has found out that one environmental trigger for type 1 diabetes might be related to cold weather as it develops more often in winter than summer and is more common in places with cold climates. Therefore, some people think these factors must be more prevalent in white people because they have the highest rate of type 1 diabetes.
Another trigger might be viruses. It is possible that a virus that has only mild effects on most people triggers type 1 diabetes in others. Early diet may also play a role. For example, type 1 diabetes is said to be less common in people who were breastfed and in those who first ate solid foods at later ages.
In many people, the development of type 1 diabetes seems to take many years undetected. In experiments that follow relatives of people with type 1 diabetes, researchers have found that most of those who later got diabetes had certain autoantibodies, or protein destroying bacteria or viruses (antibodies ‘gone bad’ that attacked the body’s own tissues), in their blood for years before they were diagnosed.
Inherited risk factors from both parents are the most cases of type 1 diabetics. Type 1 diabetes is most common in children or youth under 30, but more and more older people are being diagnosed as Type 1.
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes:
There are no specific diabetes causes. What is known is that the immune system which would normally fight harmful bacteria or viruses attacks and destroys the hormone-producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves little or none of the hormone, so sugar builds up in your bloodstream instead of being transported into the cells.
However, the following triggers may be involved:
- Viral or bacterial infection
- Chemical toxins within food
- Unidentified component causing autoimmune reaction, and
- Underlying genetic disposition
Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes is the more common type of diabetes. About 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2.
Type 2 diabetes impairs the body’s ability to effectively use insulin, resulting in an inability to regulate blood sugar levels and utilize it as energy.
Typically diagnosed in adulthood, Type 2 diabetes progresses over several years and is now increasingly affecting children, teens, and young adults.
It may be difficult to notice any symptoms of the type 2 diabetes, so it is crucial to get your blood sugar tested if you are considered an ‘at risk Type 2 diabetes candidate’.
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes:
Several factors trigger the onset of Type 2 diabetes, including obesity, ethnic background, hereditary factors, and environmental factors. Dubbed a “lifestyle disease,” one can increase their risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by leading an inactive and overweight lifestyle.
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed with healthy lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, eating healthy food, and being active.
Gestational diabetes is a temporary form of diabetes that develops in pregnant women who have never had diabetes. If you have gestational diabetes, your baby could be at higher risk for health problems. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after your baby is born but increases your risk for type 2 diabetes later in life. Your baby is more likely to have obesity as a child or teen, and more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life too. Between three and 20 per cent of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes, depending on their risk factors.
The causes of diabetes in pregnancy remain unknown. However, there are several risk factors that increase the chances of developing this condition which include family history of gestational diabetes, overweight or obese, polycystic ovary syndrome or having had a large baby weighing over 9lb. Gestational diabetes may also be related to ethnicity as some ethnic groups have a higher risk of gestational diabetes.
What leads to diabetes?
There is no common cause that fits every type of diabetes. The reason why someone will develop type 1 diabetes is quite different from the reasons why another person will develop type 2 diabetes. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes have different causes, but there are two factors that are important in both. You inherit a predisposition to the disease, then something in your environment triggers it.
Race and Type 1 Diabetes
Unlike type 2 diabetes, type 1 is much more heavily influenced by genetic factors, and some ethnic groups are at higher risk than others. In the United States, whites are more likely to develop type 1.
There is a strong clue that the genetic makeup of different ethnic groups plays a role in the rate of diabetes. People in most ethnic groups are at risk for type 2 diabetes if their body mass index (BMI) — which is a measure of body weight calculated using weight relative to height — is 25 or higher. But Asian Americans are at risk with a BMI of 23 and higher; and Pacific Islanders are at risk with a BMI of 26 or higher. People who are African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes even if they are not overweight.
Diabetes – A Silent Killer:
Let us look at some common causes of Diabetes:
Diabetes affects almost ten percent of the global adult population, with numbers on the rise. Some forms are caused in part, by lifestyle choices. Studies suggest the more widespread unhealthy eating habits are within a country, the more residents diagnosed with this life-altering disease.
It is true that diabetes tends to run in families. You may wonder if that means there is a genetic cause to the disorder. The answer is complex, depending on the type of diabetes and frequently other factors such as diet, lifestyle, and environment. For most people who have diabetes, it is not due to a straight genetic group of factors or to environmental ones, but rather it is a combination of both.
Both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are inherited. This means a group of genes that lead to type 2 passes down from mother and father to their children. Not everyone who inherits the genes will develop it, but if you have the genes for type 2 diabetes, you have got a greater chance of developing it. Type 2 diabetes also depends on environmental factors. Lifestyle also influences the development of type 2 diabetes. Obesity tends to run in families, and families often have similar eating and exercise habits. If you have a family history of type 2 diabetes, it may be difficult to figure out whether your diabetes is due to lifestyle factors or genetics. Most likely it is due to both. However, studies have shown that it is possible to delay or prevent type 2 diabetes by exercising and losing weight.
Your child’s risk: If you are a man with type 1 diabetes, the odds of your child developing diabetes are 1 in 17. If you are a woman with type 1 diabetes and your child was born before you were 25, your child’s risk is 1 in 25; if your child was born after you turned 25, your child’s risk is 1 in 100. Your child’s risk doubles if you developed diabetes before age 11. If both you and your partner have type 1 diabetes, the risk is between 1 in 10 and 1 in 4.
There is an exception to these numbers: about one in every seven people with type 1 diabetes has a condition called type 2 polyglandular autoimmune syndrome. In addition to having diabetes, these people also have thyroid disease and a poorly working adrenal gland—some also have other immune system disorders. If you have this syndrome, your child’s risk of getting the syndrome and developing type 1 diabetes, is one in two.
Obesity and Lack of Exercise
People with type 2 diabetes often carry some extra weight. Being overweight creates hormone resistance which keeps cells from getting as much hormone as needed. The longer a person is overweight, the greater their chances of developing the disease. Physical inactivity can contribute to type 2 diabetes. Failing to raise the heart rate to boost metabolism means the body has little incentive to work off consumed calories. This can lead to heart problems and circulatory issues. Regular exercise can raise metabolism, promote weight loss, and lower the risk of developing diabetes.
Studies show that type 1 diabetes is far more common in colder European countries than in countries with warmer climates, such as Africa and South America. In fact, Finland has the highest rate of type 1 diabetes in the world. When the body is consistently cold, it tries to warm its core temperature by slowing down the usual creation of essential hormones. Blood sugar rises to create more heat.
Cystic fibrosis is a life-threatening inherited disease that can severely damage the lungs, digestive system, and other essential body systems. The primary sign of cystic fibrosis is a thick, heavy mucus that can create scarring in the pancreas. The damage to this organ disturbs hormone creation, which can result in diabetes.
Some medications inhibit hormone creation and how the body receives these essential components. Some medications that can damage the pancreas interrupt its ability to produce its hormone. Others that lower cholesterol can also instigate factors that cause diabetes. Since these medications have many benefits, including decreasing the chance of heart disease by decreasing plaque buildup in the arteries, in most cases, their benefits outweigh the risks.
Potential complications of diabetes:
Diabetes-related complications can be profoundly serious and even life-threatening. It can take work to get your diabetes under control, but the results are worth it. Uncontrolled diabetes means your blood sugar levels are too high, even if you are treating it. Some symptoms you may look out for includes peeing more often, being thirsty a lot and few more. If you do not make the effort to get a handle on it, you could set yourself up for a host of complications.
Diabetes can take a toll on nearly every organ in your body and effectively managing blood sugar levels reduces the risk of developing complications such as:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Nerve damage
- Kidney damage
- Eye damage / vision loss
- Foot damage
- Skin conditions
- Hearing impairment
- Alzheimer’s disease
Diabetes the Killer – Serious diabetic complications can affect many different parts of your body. In the worst cases, diabetes can kill you. Each week diabetes causes thousands of complications like stroke, amputation, kidney failure, heart attack and heart failure.
When you have type 1 diabetes, blood may not move as well through your legs and feet. If left untreated, this might lead to amputation of your feet. Untreated type 1 diabetes can cause coma. It can even kill you.
Research shows that around 1 in 4 men with type 2 diabetes have low testosterone levels (hypogonadism). Low testosterone levels lead to problems that can reduce fertility, e.g low sperm count, erectile dysfunction and decreased sex drive.
Diabetes can lead to eye problems such as glaucoma, cataracts and diabetic retinopathy which involves the small blood vessels in the eyes. Longrich Berry Oil is a great solution to manage eye issues and other ailments. Longrich Seabuckthorn Berry Oil is a versatile oil that offers numerous health benefits, from promoting healthy skin and eyes to improving blood circulation and preventing blood clots. Whether used topically or consumed orally, Seabuckthorn Berry Oil is a powerful ingredient that should be a staple in any health-conscious individual’s regimen.
Symptoms: Vision problems or sudden vision loss.
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure in adults in the U.S., accounting for almost half of new cases.
Symptoms: You usually do not notice any symptoms with early diabetes-related kidney disease. In later stages it can make your legs and feet swell.
The good news is that we have a therapy that lower blood sugars and blood pressure!
Diabetes and amputation
Amputation is a major complication of diabetes. Your doctor has likely recommended that you check your feet each day, but you may not have known why. Read on to learn how diabetes can lead to amputation and how to help prevent.
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This is an effective diabetes therapy to stop the disease from getting worse. It will also limit your risk of amputation or prevent it entirely. The combination can effectively manage diabetes; remove the effect of toxins from your body.